Figur III

Joannis Avramidis, 1963

Avramidis sought an objective form of the human body, in line with the theory of proportion of ancient Greece. For this, the artist designed the figure, cut out the longitudinal and transverse profiles from sheet aluminium, and used these to build the frame for the casting. Tall and slender, Große Figur III rises high above its circular stone slab. Its shape resembles a column – the fundamental unit of the ancient temple and the classical symbol for human scale. Anything random or individual, any notion of movement is eliminated, while the individual body sections remain clearly recognisable.

The sculpture "Figure III" stands at the foot of the artificial stairway to heaven. A small section of its own in the Pheasant Garden. The sculpture "Figure III" stands at the foot of the artificial stairway to heaven. A small section of its own in the Pheasant Garden.

Image Credits


Gudrun Danzer

Location on map


Arthothek des Bundes 

Artist biography

Joannis Avramidis

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About the sculpture

Joannis Avramidis’s oeuvre is characterised by the search for a contemporary formal language to depict man in his essence. Avramidis quite deliberately draws on his Greek roots and names the art of the ancient world and the Italian Renaissance as his most important inspirations, thus placing himself within a tradition of European cultural history that considers man the measure of all things. Starting out with a study of the natural form, he searches for the objective forms or formulas, the structures or laws of the human body that are the basis of everything individual. He subjects the figure to a mathematical-spatial manipulation and develops a constructive system for its composition. Referential points in the history of art would be the works by Paul Cézanne, Fernand Léger, Oskar Schlemmer, Constantin Brâncuşi and of course Fritz Wotruba, of whom Avramidis was the probably most eminent student.

His drawings from nature provide Avramidis with the longitudinal sections of the different exterior views of the figure; the cross-sections are based on intertwined circles. The next steps require the exact drawing of this construction: the artist cuts out the longitudinal and cross sections from aluminium sheets and uses them to build the frame for the figure. For the bronze cast, he fills the resulting compartments with plaster-of-Paris, thus producing the casting mould. “Figure III” rises from the circular plinth as a tall, slim creature. Everything coincidental, everything individual, every possible movement has been eliminated. But although the figure is largely abstracted, the volumes of the individual body sections are still clearly recognisable. The delineations of the longitudinal profiles are expressed by distinct vertical incisions. The figure approaches the shape of a column – the fundamental measuring unit in the temples of ancient Greece, and the classic symbol for the dimensions of the human form.