Graz, 1704/05

Spundbajonett, 18. Jahrhundert. Foto: UMJ/N.Lackner

At the same time that robust flintlock rifles were being adopted throughout Europe, the bayonet was also introduced. Bayonets are blades that are either inserted into the gun barrel (plug bayonet) or attached next to the barrel (socket bayonet) with a device, so that the gun can also be used as a stabbing weapon. The 66cm-long plug bayonet has a double-edged blade and is combined with a conical wooden handle. The disadvantage of this was that it was not possible to shoot at the same time. For this reason the plug bayonet was subsequently replaced by the socket bayonet.


Tüllenbajonett, Graz, 18. Jahrhundert. Foto: UMJ/N.Lackner

The origin and evolution of the bayonet is not entirely clear. It is thought that the word “bayonet” comes from the inhabitants of the city of Bayonne in southern France. They are said to have invented the bayonet in the midst of a battle by ramming their hunting knives into the barrels of their muskets. 



Erfahren Sie mehr über die Sammlung im Landeszeughaus! 


Permanent Collection

Styrian Armoury

Living History

01.04.2017-31.12.2025 > Styrian Armoury

Das Landeszeughaus gilt als die größte erhaltene historische Waffenkammer der Welt. Gewinnen Sie einen unmittelbaren Eindruck von den rund 32.000 Objekte aus dem 15. bis 18. Jahrhundert!


Styrian Armoury

Herrengasse 16
8010 Graz, Österreich
T +43-316/8017-9810


Opening Hours
27. March 2021 to 31. October 2021 Tue-Sun, public holidays 10am - 5pm

admission without a guided tour (brochure)

01. November 2021 to 31. March 2022 Tue-Sun, public holidays 11am - 5pm

admission only as part of a guided tour

01. April 2022 to 30. October 2022 Tue-Sun, public holidays 10am - 5pm
01. November 2022 to 31. March 2023 Tue-Sun, public holidays 11am - 5pm

Due to the current Covid regulations, the number of participants for guided tours is limited in all houses of the Universalmuseum Joanneum.
Please visit our calendar. Guided tours on advance notice at +43-316/8017 9810.


1st November 2021
18th April 2022
6th June 2022
15th August 2022
26th December 2022

24th/25th December 2021
1st January 2022
1st March 2022
24th/25th December 2022