Edged weapons

The collection of edged weapons contains around 2,414 items:

  • two-handed swords
  • one-and-a-half handers
  • various types of sabres
  • pallasches
  • estocs
  • dusägges
  • broadswords

Most of the edged weapons date back to the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries; a small number of around 1,100 sabres belonging to the reserve forces date back to 1808/1809. Most of the weapons were purchased from Styrian workshops; the key areas for producing blades were Judenburg and Weiz, whilst the swordsmiths – who provided the hilts for the blades – were mainly centred in Graz.

Before the advent of small firearms, edged weapons were the main weapons used by the cavalry; only a small number of edged weapons were carried by the infantry.


Hungarian abre

Styria, 4th quarter of the 16th century

It was not just the light cavalry in Hungary, Poland and other eastern European countries that were influenced in their choice of weapons by the Ottomans: the sabre also became common in Styria. Despite its name, the Hungarian sabre was produced in Styrian workshops.  more...

Two-handed swords

South German, c.1600

The largest form of sword is the Zweihänder, the two-handed sword. The Zweihänder sword first emerged as early as the 13th century, however it was not until the second half of the 16th century that it developed into a special cutting weapon with its own design.  more...

The cavalry's swords

16th century

The cavalry's main weapon of choice was the straight sword which was almost always double edged. In many cases there are badges on the blades which indicate their origin: most of them came from Passau and Styrian workshops.  more...


Styria, 4th quarter of the 16th century

Estocs or even rapiers were carried by soldiers on horseback as well as by the infantry.  more...

Styrian Armoury

Herrengasse 16
8010 Graz, Österreich
T +43-316/8017-9810


Opening Hours
27. March 2021 to 31. October 2021 Tue-Sun, public holidays 10am - 5pm

admission without a guided tour (brochure)

01. November 2021 to 31. March 2022 Tue-Sun, public holidays 11am - 5pm

admission only as part of a guided tour

01. April 2022 to 30. October 2022 Tue-Sun, public holidays 10am - 5pm
01. November 2022 to 31. March 2023 Tue-Sun, public holidays 11am - 5pm

Due to the current Covid regulations, the number of participants for guided tours is limited in all houses of the Universalmuseum Joanneum.
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