The cavalry's swords

16th century

Foto: UMJ/N.Lackner

The straight, almost always double-edged sword was the main offensive weapon of the cavalrymen. The marks often stamped on the blades indicate their origin: most came from Passau and from Styrian workshops. The blades, some of which date from the 15th century, were only given uniform hilts, crossguards and shell guards later on, towards the end of the 17th century. One of the craftspeople who worked on these weapons was a female swordsmith from Graz, Barbara Reischenberger.  


At the same time as the Zweihänderemerged in the 14th century, the Anderthalbhänder or “hand and a half” sword was developed. With an average length of 130cm it was somewhat smaller, but also allowed the left hand to be used to assist. As protective armour became stronger and stronger, the swords used for attack also had to be improved. This was done by making the blades longer and heavier, so that they could penetrate the tougher armour. As blades became longer, the length of the handles also steadily increased, eventually providing room for two hands by the end of this process of transformation. While the distinction between the Zweihänder and other melee weapons is relatively simple, with the Anderthalbhänder the difference is not entirely clear.


Erfahren Sie mehr über die Sammlung im Landeszeughaus! 


Permanent Collection

Styrian Armoury

Living History

01.04.2017-31.12.2025 > Styrian Armoury

Das Landeszeughaus gilt als die größte erhaltene historische Waffenkammer der Welt. Gewinnen Sie einen unmittelbaren Eindruck von den rund 32.000 Objekte aus dem 15. bis 18. Jahrhundert!


Styrian Armoury

Herrengasse 16
8010 Graz, Österreich
T +43-316/8017-9810


Opening Hours

12 Dezember 2021 to 31 March 2022 Tue-Sun, public holidays 11 - 12am and 2 - 3pm
1 April 2022 to 30 October 2022 Tue-Sun, public holidays 10am - 6pm
admission without a guided tour (brochure)

1 to 30 November 2022 Tue-Sun, public holidays admission only with guided tour

1 Dezember 2022 to 31 March 2023 Tue-Sun, public holidays 11 - 12am and 2 - 3pm
admission without a guided tour (brochure)

Guided Tours
Please visit our calendar.
Guided tours on advance notice.
Due to the current Covid regulations, the number of participants is limited.


18th December 2021 12pm - 2pm
18th April 2022
6th June 2022
15th August 2022
26th December 2022

24th/25th December 2021
1st January 2022
1st March 2022
24th/25th December 2022