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The collection of Renaissance and Baroque art features major movements in European painting since the early sixteenth century. The German Renaissance is represented by Lucas Cranach the Elder and a singular bronze sculpture by Stefan Godl and Leonhard Magt.


The panorama of post-medieval Flemish painting with its unique diversity of genres includes such leading masters, particularly active in the metropolis of Antwerp as Herri met de Bles, Frans Floris, Jacob de Backer, Maerten de Vos, Jan Brueghel the Elder, Pieter Breughel the Younger, Gillis III van Coninxloo, Joos de Momper the Younger, and David Teniers the Younger, up to the Rubens successors such as Cornelis de Vos and Erasmus II Quellinus. This helps understand the northern Alpine development from the Renaissance to the Baroque. International Late Mannerism in the Habsburg residences at Prague and Brussels is represented by major works of Bartholomäus Spranger, Giambologna and Hendrick de Clerck. These feature alongside works of German contemporaries of early Baroque such as Hans Rottenhammer, Johann König and Johann Heiss.


Giovanni Pietro de Pomis, leading painter and architect at the Inner Austrian court in Graz around 1600, has a special place in the collection. Italian Baroque is represented by works of Domenico Fetti, Luca Giordano and Francesco Solimena.

Numerous paintings and oil sketches by painters from what is now southern Germany and the former territories reigned by the Habsburg dynasty add to the range of seventeenth- and eighteenth-century art in Central Europe: Johann Heinrich Schönfeld, Johann Michael Rottmayr, Franz Anton Maulbertsch, Norbert Grund, Johann Georg Platzer, Franz Christoph Janneck, and the most important complex of works of Martin Johann Schmidt, also known as "Kremser Schmidt". Sculptures by Josef Stammel, Philipp Jakob Straub and Veit Königer present a vivid picture of late Baroque sacred sculpture in Styria.